Low back pain
There are many different types of low back pain and it is one of the most common injuries and is believed to affect up to 80% of us in our lifetime.
Low back pain often results following damage to the structures of the lower back (ligaments/joints/discs/muscles) which presents as localised pain into the lower back with or without nerve-related symptoms such as numbness, pins & needles or altered sensation.
The causes of low back pain vary greatly. Simple tasks like putting shoes and socks on or more complex movements like lifting and twisting can all produce low back pain. Many movements can aggravate the symptoms and it is therefore important to have a full physiotherapy assessment to avoid an increase in your pain.
Whiplash injuries are as a result of an acceleration-deceleration movement of the neck (usually during a road traffic accident). During this forceful movement, many of the structures in the neck can be sprained and strained resulting in neck and shoulder pain among other symptoms such as cervicogenic headaches.
The symptoms do not usually begin until 2-3 days post injury and can be made worse by certain movements of the neck.
Nerve root impingement
Acute nerve root impingement occurs when a nerve originating from the spinal cord becomes compressed by a structure (often cervical discs or reduced intervertebral foramen). This often presents as radiating pain into the shoulder, arm or hand. Sometimes this is accompanied by neck pain but not always. Nerve-related symptoms such as numbness, tingling and loss of strength/power can be present in the arm.