Achilles tendinopathy is a condition that presents with pain, reduced range of movement and often swelling in the posterior aspect of the ankle.
It is often linked to overuse microtrauma to the Achilles tendon which can result in Tendinitis (inflammation of the tendon). Over a longer period of time, recurrent inflammation can lead to Tendinosis (damage to the tendon).
Knee Ligament injuries
There are many ligaments within the knee complex. Most commonly injured are the Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Medial Collateral ligament, Lateral Collateral ligament and less commonly Posterior Cruciate ligament.
Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) tears/ sprains are the most commonly seen ligament injury of the knee. They often occur following a twisting mechanism of injury (often during sports) and can be seen along with a medial collateral ligament tear and/or medial meniscal tear (Unhappy Triad).
There are surgical and conservative (physiotherapy) treatments for knee ligament injuries. Your physiotherapist will advise you on the best course of treatment for your individual injury.
The meniscus is the layer of cartilage within the knee joint. Meniscal tears are common during twisting injuries of the knee.
The often present with a sharp pain, aggravated during a deep squat or during lateral or twisting movement of the knee.
There are also surgical and conservative treatment for Meniscal tears. You may be required to undergo an MRI scan to reveal the extent of the injury.